What kind of country is East Timor?

14 Feb 2023

The scenery of East Timor is indeed good, but there is poverty and turbulence behind this excellent scenery, making it difficult for the country to develop its economy smoothly. Some people say that this is a country where "happiness and sadness" lives together.

On May 20, 2002, East Timor was officially founded, only 19 years ago, it is the first newborn country in this century. East Timor established diplomatic relations with many countries in less than 1 month , and at the same time East Timor government banned the Japanese people to enter in the country.

East Timor has gone through countless hardships to become the first new country in this century, East Timor has also paid the death price of 14% of the population for independence. It is extremely painful. Today I will show you what kind of country is East Timor.

Basic situation of East Timor:

Country area: 14,919 square kilometers, coast length: 735 kilometers, population: 1.32 million, capital: Dili, East Timor are mainly concentrated in the following cities: Dili: 281,000, Baucau: 104,500, Viqueque : 66400 and Lospalos: 57,400. East Timor is a country with little reputation. It takes some effort to find this country on the world map. After all, from the analysis of national territory and population, this is a small country.

Due to the long-term war, the roads are in disrepair. Except for the better transportation facilities in the capital, Dili, you need to travel by coach or taxi to other places. However, the roads in disrepair for a long time and due to this reason many people feels a little uncomfortable, and there is no railway or water transportation in this country. The facilities are poor, and the air route facilities are relatively weak.

Although this is a small country, but his overall facilities are somewhat not very good, after all, people have through decades of war.

History of East Timor:

After the Great Seafaring Era, the Portuguese discovered the island and occupied it, declaring the area a Portuguese colony. But before they could get a firm foothold, the Dutch came here and defeated Portugal and successfully pushing the Portuguese out to the East.

The two colonies competed with each other for a century on the island of Timor, and after both sides finally had a fight, the island was officially divided into East and West Timor under the rule of two countries, Portugal and the Netherlands.

After World War II, Japan occupied Indonesia and took over rule on the island of Timor.

After the end of World War II, indonesia broke out into a national liberation movement, after some ups and downs, Indonesia became a sovereign state, the Portuguese restored rule over East Timor.

The countries of the world were deeply influenced by the national liberation movement, with the former colonial Powers abandoning their overseas colonies and East Timor gaining short-term independence, but the whole island was occupied due to the disagreement of the Indonesian government.

The people of East Timor, who had been subjected to centuries of colonial rule, were not easily seen to be colonized again, which led the East Timorese to decide that they must oppose the indonesian Government's rule, and after a brutal struggle, the people of East Timor's pursuit of freedom gained the attention of the United Nations, culminating in the deployment of relevant personnel to allow the people of East Timor to vote for the future of the country, and ultimately 78.5 per cent of east Timorese to choose national independence.

When East Timor was preparing for the founding of the nation, domestic opposition forces launched conflicts, which led to the deterioration of the local situation. Numerous civilians fled East Timor. After the intervention of the United Nations, the conflict gradually subsided.

The economic situation of East Timor:

To describe the "extreme poverty" of East Timor in the early days of the founding of the state in two words would not be more appropriate.

The long-term war has made East Timor's infrastructure very poor, and it has not been able to keep up with the international mainstream. The weak infrastructure has kept the country in a backward situation.

As of 2019, the GDP of East Timor : 1.7 billion U.S. dollars , and the per capita GDP : 1,238 U.S. dollars . From the data, it can be seen that East Timor’s national and per capita output value is lower than that of the world. At an average level, it is still difficult to successfully get rid of this predicament.

The remote location of East Timor is also the reason for the country's poverty and backwardness, but God saw that this country was too pitiful and gave him enviable resources such as oil and natural gas.

Originally, East Timor could gradually evolve into a developed country by relying on abundant oil resources. However, the domestic infrastructure is weak and it is difficult to develop the oil industry in an all-round way. However, it is difficult to prevent the oil economy from occupying the main position of East Timor's GDP.

Agriculture occupies an important position in East Timor’s domestic economy, accounting for 26% of the domestic economic output. At the same time 90% of the domestic population is engaged in agriculture. However, East Timor’s food cannot be exported , due to backward agricultural technology.

If there is anything commendable in East Timor, it is coffee. The natural environment is very favorable for coffee production. In addition, the coffee is directly washed without post-processing, so as to ensure the taste of coffee. Now East Timor coffee has gradually been accepted by many countries and 60% of Starbucks coffee beans come from East Timor.

In addition, there are many excellent scenery in East Timor, such as Christ's Statue Beach, Atauro Island, Legumau Mountain, etc. All have good views. I think East Timor needs to make every effort to develop tourism and it is entirely possible to turn itself into a rich country.

The literacy rate in East Timor is 58.3%, and more than half of the population is illiterate. This situation is caused by the long-term turbulence and the country does not have enough energy in the field of education. Therefore, This has resulted in a higher illiteracy rate in East Timor.

Therefore, if East Timor wants to truly develop, it needs international financial help. Otherwise, it is indeed very difficult to get out of the difficult situation on its own.

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