JavaScript language - an introduction 2

13 Feb 2024

Manuals and specifications

This book is a tutorial. It aims to help you gradually learn the language. But once you’re familiar with the basics, you’ll need other resources.


The ECMA-262 specification contains the most in-depth, detailed and formalized information about JavaScript. It defines the language.

But being that formalized, it’s difficult to understand at first. So if you need the most trustworthy source of information about the language details, the specification is the right place. But it’s not for everyday use.

A new specification version is released every year. Between these releases, the latest specification draft is at

To read about new bleeding-edge features, including those that are “almost standard” (so-called “stage 3”), see proposals at

Also, if you’re developing for the browser, then there are other specifications covered in the second part of the tutorial.


MDN (Mozilla) JavaScript Reference is the main manual with examples and other information. It’s great to get in-depth information about individual language functions, methods etc.

You can find it at

Although, it’s often best to use an internet search instead. Just use “MDN [term]” in the query, e.g. to search for the parseInt function.

Compatibility tables

JavaScript is a developing language, new features get added regularly.

To see their support among browser-based and other engines, see:

All these resources are useful in real-life development, as they contain valuable information about language details, their support, etc.

Please remember them (or this page) for the cases when you need in-depth information about a particular feature.

Original content at

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