WHAT IS INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY?
The two words "industry” simply pertains to activities relating to manufacturing, trade or business. The word ‘psychology’ denotes the science of the nature, functions and phenomena of the mind or mental activities of a human being or simply put psychology of human behavior.
Industrial Psychology is the study of people at work, the study of their aptitudes, and their qualifications for jobs. It includes the principles and practices of training in the skills and attitudes for Industrial work.
Industrial Psychology is a complete study of many things but primarily, it is the study of people as individuals or in groups –at- work situation.
The study of people as ‘individuals’ involves studying the qualifications of a person for a job, his work history, his intelligence, his special aptitudes and interests and above all, relating these qualifications to the requirements of the job and interpreting the results.
IMPORTANCE OF INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Since Industrial Psychology is the study of people at work and is concerned with the entire spectrum of human beings. Its scope is the entire process of management dealing with people at work. There is hardly a field in industry where human understanding is not required; there is hardly a problem in industry and business where human aspect is not involved and hence there is hardly an area in which industrial psychology cannot play its role. Industrial psychology is a useful aid to the efficient management of people at work.