Bones become "empty", there are generally 4 symptoms

12 Feb 2023

Osteoporosis occurs at all ages , but it is most likely to occur in postmenopausal women and older men. If a hip fracture occurs, within one year, about 20% of patients will die due to various essential diseases, about 50% Of patients will become disabled.

Here are the four symptoms of osteoporosis . Read carefully.

1. Pain

Back pain is the most common symptom of osteoporosis, especially when vertebral compression fractures occur in the spine, but there are a small number of patients who have fractured that have no obvious symptoms.

Some patients visit without a clear medical history, often due to fractures caused by particularly minor movements and pain. The pain tends to be mild and long-lasting, sometimes to a certain extent but still long-lasting. After the intense pain is relieved, chronic pain of varying degrees will occur.

Causes of pain:

(1) Bone conversion is too fast , resulting in greater absorption of cells to bone, resulting in lighter and more brittle bones, and even bone fractures, bone perforations, and pain throughout the body.

(2) Under the action of gravity, it causes pain because the bone strength drops sharply, causing the vertebral body to wedge shape and fishtail shape deformation.

(3) Because the bones are deformed , the tension of the muscles attached to the bones changes, the muscles are more prone to fatigue, spasms are prone to occur, and then produce muscular pain.

2. Shorter height and hunchback

Shortening, hunchback is mainly due to the increase in body load, which causes the body to compress and deform, which will cause the body to shorten and the symptoms of hunchback, which will aggravate the condition of osteoporosis.

In osteoporosis, the cone bone trabecula is damaged, the bone production is reduced, the bone strength is weakened, and the vertebral body is easily deformed . Severe osteoporosis can shorten the spine by 9-15cm .

Studies have shown that women are particularly prone to height atrophy after the age of 60 and men after the age of 65. Due to the structure of the spine, the vertebral body will also be compressed, but the posterior structure of the vertebral body such as the spinous process, lamina, and vertebral arch will not be compressed, so the phenomenon of kyphosis and lordosis will occur.

3. Fracture

Because primary osteoporosis occurs first in the cancellous bone area , the number of bone trabeculae decreases or even breaks, and the cortical bone will perforate and the cortex will become thinner, which will reduce the bone strength and easily fracture . Therefore, the cancellous area is where osteoporosis starts to fracture.

The three fractures that most commonly occur in patients with osteoporosis are vertebral compression fractures of the spine, hip fractures, and distal radius fractures.

According to survey data from the United States in 1984, there are 1.2 million people suffering from osteoporosis in the United States each year , of which 538,000 suffer from spinal compression fractures, 227,000 suffer from hip fractures, and 283,000 suffer from distal radius fractures.

The incidence of vertebral fractures and distal radius fractures increased after menopause in women, but the incidence decreased after 65 years of age, but the incidence of vertebral fractures continued to increase . The rate of hip fractures, which have a relatively slow incidence, increases significantly after old age. About one-third of women over 65 have vertebral compression fractures, and about 12% to 20% of the elderly die from this. The characteristics of bone fractures caused by osteoporosis: Fractures may occur under slight external forces such as sweeping, getting up, twisting, and walking .

4. Decreased respiratory function

The decline in respiratory function caused by osteoporosis is mainly due to the compression of the heart caused by spinal deformity and thoracic deformity .

So how to prevent osteoporosis?

1. Eat more foods high in calcium , such as pork, chicken, fish, soy products, nuts and fresh milk, etc.

2. Appropriate exercise , the elderly should do some low-difficulty movements

3. Prevent falls and fractures ; quitting smoking can prevent osteoporosis to a certain extent; women after menopause should be supplemented with estrogen and anti-osteoporosis drugs.

Therefore, everyone should beware of the occurrence of osteoporosis.

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