Since the publication of the 2017 TON white paper, blockchain technology has developed. Here, we contrast TON with Solana and the impending Ethereum 2.0, two more top layer-1 blockchains. It's unclear if these two blockchains will be able to live up to the high expectations of developers and communities, despite their claims to be the ideal answer for mass adoption.
TON is a multi-chain initiative that supports all transactions in general.
Every five seconds or so, TON creates a fresh block on the masterchain and each shardchain. All shardchains generate new blocks roughly simultaneously, and the masterchain generates new blocks roughly one second later since it needs to have the hashes of the most recent blocks from all shardchains.
Any transaction complexity on a masterchain and all of its workchains can be supported by the Turing-complete, high-performance blockchain known as TON.
Workchains and dynamic sharding are supported by TON. The system has the capacity to support up to 232 workchains, each of which can be further broken into up to 260 shardchains, allowing for millions of transactions per second and nearly immediate cross-shard and cross-chain communication.