Interesting Facts About Indonesia part I

21 May 2022

A glimpse of the story of the State of Indonesia

Indonesia is the largest archipelagic country in the world. Indonesia has more than 17,000 islands, of which only about 7,000 are inhabited. Kalimantan, Java, Sulawesi, Sumatra and Papua are the main islands in Indonesia. In addition, Indonesia also has small islands such as Bali, Karimunjawa, Gili and Lombok which are local and international tourist destinations. The capital city of Indonesia is Jakarta, which is located on the island of Java.

In addition to beautiful islands, Indonesia's tropical climate also makes Indonesia a major tourist destination. The best time to travel to Indonesia is during the summer which lasts from April to October. March and November are the change of seasons. At the change of seasons, the weather in Indonesia can be erratic. Rain, hot sun and heavy winds can come together in one day. Meanwhile, the rainy season usually lasts from December to March.

In addition, Indonesia also has some interesting facts for us to know, here are some interesting facts about Indonesia.

1. World Ring of Fire

Indonesia has more than 400 volcanoes and 130 of them are active volcanoes. Most of the volcanoes are located on the seabed and are not visible from sea level. Indonesia is the meeting place of 2 series of active volcanoes (the Ring of Fire). There are dozens of active faults in Indonesia.

2. Bungin Island

Bungin Island in Alas District, Sumbawa, Nusa Tenggara Barat, is the most densely populated artificial small island in the world, exceeding the density of the island of Java with a density of 36000 people/km2, while the density of the island of Java is only about 813 people/km2 or the density of Bungin Island is 44 times the density of Java. The island, which is only 8 hectares wide, has a population of 2,800 people.

3. The First Post-World War II Countries

The Republic of Indonesia is the first country that was born after the end of World War II in 1945. The Republic of Indonesia is the 70th oldest country in the world.

4. Largest Archipelago Country

Indonesia is the biggest archipelago country in the world. There are 17,504 islands of which 9,634 have not been named and 6 thousand are uninhabited. What is even more proud is that 3 of the 6 largest islands in the world are in Indonesia, namely Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Papua. Apart from being an archipelagic country, Indonesia is also known as the largest maritime country in the world. Just imagine, the area of ​​Indonesian waters reaches 93,000 km and the length of the coast is about 81 thousand km² or almost 25% of the length of the coast in the world.

5. Indonesia Has the Most Forests in the World

The world has recognized that Indonesia has very large and diverse natural wealth. Forests with an area of ​​39,549,447 hectares on the islands of Sumatra, Kalimantan, and Sulawesi have the most complete biodiversity and germplasm in the world, if the forest is lost, the earth will be destroyed because the earth is very dependent on it. in tropical forests to maintain climate balance in addition to being supported by the rainforests in the amazon. This proves that the earth and the survival of all creatures in the world depend on Indonesia, besides that Indonesia also has the largest mangrove forest in the world. Mangroves are useful for preventing seawater erosion or abrasion.

6. Marine Resources

Indonesia's marine natural wealth is also extraordinary. The wealth includes the presence of the largest shark species in the world, which is around 150 species, the smallest fish in the world, precisely in Sumatra, which has a body length of 7.9 mm, is transparent, and has no head. Indonesia also has the largest and most beautiful cluster of coral reefs called the coral triangle, but 65% of the 75,000 km² coral triangle is in Indonesia. That is why Indonesia contributes 18% of coral reefs to the world's waters.

7. Komodo

Next is the fact that many ancient relics are found in Indonesia. In the world of fauna, there is a Komodo dragon which is the largest lizard in the world and ancient animal remains and Komodo dragons only exist in Indonesia, precisely in East Nusa Tenggara. Now the popularity of Komodo dragons, especially after being selected as one of the 7 wonders of the world, is increasingly global. The discovery of the oldest ancient human fossils in the world is estimated to come from 1.8 million years ago. The fossil, called phitecantrophus erectus, was found in Central Java.

8. Most Expensive Coffee

Coffee is a drink that is loved all over the world. And the coffee that is recognized by the world as the best coffee because of its delicious taste as well as being the most expensive coffee is "Luwak Coffee". Brazil may be the largest coffee-producing country while Indonesia is in third place, but the Luwak Coffee, which is produced along with the feces of this civet, originates from Indonesia. Although expensive, phenomenal coffee is much sought after, especially by coffee connoisseurs.

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