The Life Of A Girl Child In Africa.

13 Jun 2024

The Life of a Girl Child in Africa

Growing up as a girl child in many parts of Africa poses unique challenges and hardships. From an early age, girls often face discrimination, limited educational opportunities, and threats to their health and safety. However, there are also inspiring stories of resilience, determination and progress that are steadily changing the landscape for the Gurl Child in Africa.

One of the primary obstacles facing young girls in Africa is access to education. In many communities, there is a cultural preference for educating boys over girls, as sons are often seen as the breadwinners who will support their families in the future. Girls are frequently kept home to help with domestic chores or married off at a young age. According to UNESCO data from 2021, the girls' secondary school enrollment rate in sub-Saharan Africa was only 39%, compared to 45% for boys. This educational gap puts girls at a significant disadvantage and limits their opportunities for personal and economic development.

Beyond school, girls in Africa also face heightened health risks. Child marriage, a practice that remains disturbingly common in parts of the continent, can have devastating consequences. Girls who are married young are more likely to experience pregnancy-related complications, contract sexually transmitted infections, and suffer domestic abuse. Female genital mutilation (FGM), while declining in prevalence, is still performed on an estimated 200 million girls and women worldwide, the majority of whom live in Africa. This harmful traditional practice can lead to lifelong physical and psychological trauma.

Sadly, the vulnerability of girls in Africa extends to their personal safety as well. Sexual violence, including rape and assault, is a pervasive problem that affects girls across the socioeconomic spectrum. Conflict and political instability in certain regions have exacerbated this crisis, with girls often targeted as weapons of war. The COVID-19 pandemic has also been linked to a rise in gender-based violence in some African countries, as lockdowns and school closures have isolated many girls in unsafe home environments.

Despite these significant challenges, there are reasons for hope. Across the continent, grassroots organizations, government initiatives, and international development programs are working to empower girls and promote gender equity. In Rwanda, for example, a national policy mandates that at least 30% of decision-making positions in public institutions be held by women. Ethiopia has seen a surge in girls' secondary school enrollment, thanks in part to programs that provide financial assistance and school supplies to families.

Individual stories of girl child success are also inspiring change. Take the example of Zuriel Oduwole, a Nigerian-American filmmaker and education advocate who began her activism at the age of 9. Zuriel has interviewed numerous heads of state and used her platform to highlight the importance of girls' education, particularly in Africa. Or consider Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani activist who was shot by the Taliban for championing girls' education rights - and went on to become the youngest person ever to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

Empowered girls like Zuriel and Malala are not only blazing trails for themselves, but paving the way for future generations. As more African girls gain access to quality education, healthcare, and opportunities to lead, they are poised to become the drivers of economic and social transformation on the continent.

Of course, achieving true gender equality in Africa will require a multifaceted, long-term effort. Harmful cultural practices and entrenched patriarchal norms will not be easily dismantled. But with continued investment, advocacy, and a steadfast commitment to the girl child, there is reason to believe that the stories of struggle and resilience will give way to a future where every girl in Africa can thrive.

How can individuals and organizations outside of Africa help support the empowerment of African girls?

Here are some ways that individuals and organizations outside of Africa can help support the empowerment of African girls:

1. Advocate for girls' education: One of the most impactful ways to support African girls is to advocate for increased access to quality education. This can involve pressuring policymakers and government leaders to invest more resources in girls' schools, scholarship programs, and initiatives that remove barriers to enrollment and retention. Individuals can write to their elected representatives, while organizations can leverage their platforms and networks to raise awareness and push for policy change.

2. Provide financial support: Funding is crucial for many of the grassroots organizations and community-based programs working to uplift African girls. Individuals can donate directly to reputable NGOs and charities focused on girls' empowerment. Larger organizations can establish scholarship funds, sponsor girls' school attendance, or underwrite the operating costs of local initiatives.

3. Share knowledge and skills: Professionals and subject matter experts outside of Africa can volunteer their time and expertise to mentor, train, and empower African girls. This could involve leading virtual workshops on topics like entrepreneurship, STEM fields, or leadership development. Organizations can also facilitate skills-building exchanges and facilitate connections between African girls and global role models.

4. Amplify African girls' voices: By elevating the stories and perspectives of African girls, individuals and organizations can help counter harmful stereotypes and inspire solidarity. This could involve featuring African girl leaders on podcasts, in publications, or on social media. It's also important to ensure that African girls have direct platforms to share their experiences and visions for the future.

5. Support health and safety initiatives: Many African girls face threats to their physical and psychological wellbeing, from gender-based violence to harmful traditional practices. Donations and partnerships can help fund programs that provide medical care, counseling, legal aid, and safe spaces for vulnerable girls. Organizations can also advocate for stronger legal protections and enforcement mechanisms.


Empowering the girl child in Africa will require a comprehensive, multi-stakeholder approach. By lending their voices, resources, and expertise, individuals and organizations outside the continent can play a vital role in creating a more equitable future for all African girls.

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