What kind of country is Croatia?

24 Feb 2023

Croatia is located in the northwest of the Balkan Peninsula, on the east coast of the Adriatic Sea, across the sea from Italy, bordered by Slovenia and Hungary in the north, Serbia in the east, and to the south is Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro.

Land area: 56,594 square kilometers, population: 4.174 million, capital: Zagreb, language: Croatian. Croatians mainly live in the following cities: Zagreb: 1.47 million, Split: 194,000, Osijek: 159,000, Rijeka: 128,000, Zadar: 72,700.

Croatia does not have a strong presence, but in fact, this country is not simple. It has a long history and God gifted enviable beauty to Croatia, which is the reason countless people visit Croatia.

History of Croatia:

In the early days, the Romans conquered this area through a series of battles. After the decline of the Roman Empire, the Huns, the East Goths, and the Byzantine Empire successively conquered the area. Slavs entered the Balkans around the 7th century. After more than Two hundred years of efforts, the Croatian region Basically converted to Christianity.

In 910 AD, after Tomislav I became king, he successively defeated Hungary and Bulgaria, expanded the domain of his rule, ascended to the throne as king and became the first king in Croatian history.

Later, Croatia remained at its peak for a period of time, but the country economy gradually declined due to the helpless ambition and interest. The Hungarians succeeded in gaining advantage and made themselves the ruler of Croatia. In 1526, the Ottoman Empire went north to Europe, successfully defeated Hungary, large number of former Hungarian-controlled areas were occupied by the Ottoman Empire, the remaining area was taken over by the Habsburgs. After centuries of twists and turns, the Habsburgs completely controlled the Croatian area.

After the 1st World War, the Austro-Hungarian Empire was defeated. Due to its weakness, Croatia had to accept to other countries to survive. During World War II, Croatia was invaded by fascists and immediately became their controlled state, which is known as the "Independent Croatian State" in history. This phenomenon continued until the end of World War II when Croatia became a member of Tito's leadership of Yugoslavia. Since then, changes have taken place within Yugoslavia, and on June 25, 1991, Croatia proclaim independence and seceded from Yugoslavia in the same year. This move led to intensified regional conflicts. The conflict between the two sides went through a series of ups and downs. Finally, Croatia joined the NATO, United Nations and the European Union.

Croatia economy:

This land has suffered many ups and downs, and the overall economic foundation is fairly good. After all, it was once one of the most economically developed regions in Yugoslavia.

In 2018, the gross national product was only 60.806 billion U.S. dollars. Per capita income: 14,800 U.S. dollars. From this data, it can be seen that Croatia's economic output value is only 60% of the EU average. About 70%, this level can only belong to the middle level in the world, you still have to work hard if you want to become an upper-middle level.

The Croatian economy is mainly based on industry, agriculture, livestock and fisheries, tourism and other sectors. It can be said that these industries complement each other and ultimately contribute to the overall economic structure of Croatia. Because the domestic industry has get small advantage, and the foreign trade has been in deficit for a long time, in order to change this situation, Croatia needs to continue to find new economic ways to further develop its country economy.

The 47.5% greening rate in Croatia and the 1,185 islands along the coast have allowed Croatia to find a new way to make money. For this reason, it continues to develop its economy on its original basis, so as to attract more foreign tourists and bring enough income to the country.

Although tourism can bring a lot of income to the country, due to the lack of core industries in the country, some outstanding talented people can only seek employment in Western Europe, which leads to a decline in the overall competitiveness of the country. If Croatia wants to develop further, it can only find core industries that meet the interests of the country.

The Croatian government has performed quite good work because literacy rate of Croatia is 99.2%, which means that there is no illiteracy in Croatia.

Prices in Croatia:

Although Croatia has joined the European Union, the currency it uses is not the Euro but the Kuna.100 Kuna is approximately equal to 16.22 USD.The price of meat here is relatively cheap, and the price of vegetarian dishes is somewhat Expensive, but compared with higher prices in other European countries, the average living expenses of Croatian civilians are about 30%- 40% lower than other European countries.

Some interesting things about Croatia:

1. The famous traveler and businessman Marco Polo was born on the island of Kolcula, Croatia. The area was under the rule of the Republic of Venice at that time, so many people call him an Italian or a Venetian.

2. The Croatian house starts from the 0th floor, which means that if we live on the 10th floor, we will actually be on the 9th floor in Croatia.

3. Croatia first domestic sport is tennis and football. In particular, football has brought countless honors to Croatia. At the same time, every town and community has there is a football field.

4. In 1891, a Croatian named Juan Vucetich invented the fingerprint recording system.

5. A Croatian named Josip Belusic invented the vehicle speedometer in 1888.

In addition, MP3, torpedoes, parachutes and other items are inextricably related to Croatia. It can be seen from this that Croatia is a great country of invention.

In summary:

Croatia is indeed a very good country. It not only has excellent scenery, but also has a deep historical heritage.

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