Cybersecurity NIST Framework
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework offers a comprehensive approach to managing cybersecurity risk.
It provides a flexible and adaptable approach to addressing cybersecurity risk and is designed to be used by organizations of all sizes and industries.
The Framework consists of five core functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover. These functions provide a flexible and holistic approach to managing cybersecurity risk.
What is NIST?
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a federal agency that promotes innovation and industrial competitiveness.
NIST develops voluntary standards and guidelines, which help businesses and organizations improve their cybersecurity posture.
It was created in 1901 as the nation’s first physical science laboratory.
Today, Their work supports nearly every economic sector, including manufacturing, construction, retail, information technology, healthcare, and communications.
Their cybersecurity program aims to reduce the risks associated with information security and help organizations protect their most important assets.
They also provide guidance on best practices for cybersecurity and develop standards for secure information research on emerging threats and vulnerabilities.
The Purpose of The Framework
The Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity provides voluntary guidance for organizations to improve their cybersecurity posture.
It is not a regulation but recommends better practices for organizations to protect themselves from cyber threats.
This aims to help organizations reduce the risk of cyber-attacks and better defend against them.
It was developed in response to Executive Order 13636, which tasked NIST with developing a framework to “improve critical infrastructure cybersecurity.”
The Framework is based on existing standards and guidelines and input from industry and government stakeholders.
It is organized around five core functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover.
Each function contains a set of security activities that organizations can use to improve their cybersecurity posture.
5 Functions of Cybersecurity Framework
Policymakers, businesses, and individuals are all looking for better ways to protect themselves against cyber threats.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a Cybersecurity Framework that provides guidelines for organizations to follow to improve their cybersecurity posture.
The Framework comprises five functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover.
1. Identify: Organizations must identify their assets, vulnerabilities, and risks to prioritize and focus their cybersecurity efforts.
2. Protect: Organizations must implement safeguards to protect their assets from cyber threats. This includes access control measures, encryption, and training employees on security awareness.
3. Detect: Organizations need to have systems and processes in place to detect when a cyberattack is taking place or has taken place.
4. Respond: Organizations need to encompass activities taken in response to an attack or incident, including containment, eradication, and recovery.
5. Recover: Organizations must focus on restoring systems and data to normal operation after an attack or incident.
The Importance of NIST Cybersecurity Functions
NIST’s cybersecurity functions are important because they help ensure the security of our nation’s critical infrastructure, including the power grid, financial systems, and transportation networks.
Organizations across the country use NIST standards and guidelines to improve their cybersecurity posture.
Their work on cybersecurity is critical to protecting our economy and way of life. We must continue investing in NIST’s research and development efforts to stay ahead of evolving cyber threats.
In the face of ever-growing cyber threats, organizations must take proactive measures to protect their data and systems. One way to do this is by implementing the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework.
It is a risk-based approach to managing cybersecurity risks. It provides guidance on identifying, assessing, and managing cybersecurity risks. It also includes best practices for incident response and recovery.
The Framework is designed to adapt to each organization’s unique needs. It can be customized to fit the organization’s size, sector, and risk profile.
By considering the various factors contributing to an organization’s cybersecurity risk, the Framework can help organizations develop a comprehensive approach to managing those risks.
I originally published it on my cybersecurity blog InCyb3r